Ending a Lease Early in Alberta – What Are the Rules?
Life happens and, whether you are a landlord or a tenant, certain situations may have you considering ending a lease early.
But how does this work in Alberta? What are the rules?
Generally speaking, a lease agreement is a legally binding contract. However, there are certain instances where leases can be ended early provided they are done so with proper reasoning and notice.
Before you sign a lease agreement, and especially before you decide to end one, please read the information we have provided below regarding ending a lease early in Alberta:
Grounds for Ending a Lease Early
Even though lease agreements are legally binding contracts, it is possible for a landlord or tenant to end a lease early. However, there are very specific legal grounds in Alberta for breaking a lease:
- The agreement was branched by either the landlord or tenant.
- The tenant is moving.
- The landlord decides to end the tenancy with a specific reason and with proper notice.
However, ending a lease agreement depends entirely on the type of lease that has been signed: a fixed-term lease or a periodic-term lease.
Ending a Fixed-Term Lease
A fixed-term lease is exactly as it sounds: there is a specific end date which is most commonly after one year. Typically, after one year, the tenancy continues on a month-to-month basis. However, it’s possible that the tenant must move out or sign a new tenancy agreement in order to stay.
This is why reading the terms of your tenancy is important in understanding what happens when the fixed-term has ended.
If you are a landlord, there is no need to provide a notice of termination of the tenancy if the agreement states the tenant must move out at the end of the term. However, it is courteous to provide a reminder before the agreement expires.
The same goes for the tenant, since there the end date is already specified in the rental agreement. Continuing the lease after the term has ended is up to both the landlord and the tenant.
Ending a Periodic-Term Lease
On the other hand, a periodic-term lease is a greement for an indefinite period of time. These are typically year-to-year or month-to-month leases that automatically renew at the end of the agreed upon period.
Landlords have the right to end a periodic-term lease if they wish to move a relative into the unit or plans to sell the rental property. They can also end a lease if they want to conver the rental home into a non-residential unit.
In the case of major renovations, the landlord can end the tenancy to vacate the rental unit – this does not include repainting, replacing flooring, or conducting routine maintenance.
Written notice is required to end a periodic-term lease.
What Happens if a Tenant Leaves Early?
There are many legitimate reasons as to why a tenant may leave early and break a lease. For instance, they may be required to move away for work.
There are two scenarios that can happen in this case: The tenant may give you advanced notice or they may give you no notice at all.
If they do give you proper notice before the lease expires, it’s in your best interest to work with them and ensure their transition from the unit goes smoothly.
However, you still have to cover yourself financially so getting advanced notice is helpful in ensuring that you can find a new tenant as soon as possible.
When a tenant breaks a lease with no notice, things can get messier and there’s nothing worse than waking up one morning to find one of your rental units completely empty.
By law, you are required to make reasonable efforts to rent the empty unit even if a tenant breaks their lease and leaves early.
Yet, if no tenant is found, you can approach the former tenant from a legal standpoint and have them be responsible to pay the rent until the end of the term in the lease agreement – or if you find a replacement tenant.
Ultimately, however, if you breach a rental agreement or lease, the tenant was the right to leave before the end of the agreement.
Ending a Lease Early With Proper Notice
Typically, tenants must give 30 days’ notice or more before vacating the premises. This gives the landlord time to find a new tenant.
The 30 days notice should be given at the beginning of the month and rent should be paid for that month. In some cases, the tenant could be responsible for paying rent up until the end of the lease or agreement if the unit is not occupied.
In the province of Alberta, required notices must be delivered in person or by registered mail. If the tenant cannot be reached via these methods, a notice can be posted in plain sight on the rental premises.
If all else fails, notice can be sent through electronic means, such as an email, as long as there is a physical copy of the notice.
Ending a Lease Early – The Rules
There is a lot to consider when it comes to ending a lease early, whether it be by the tenant or the landlord.
When you are a landlord, it’s important to clearly state the details of the lease agreement in the contract. As a tenant, it’s equally important to read the terms and ensure you understand them.
If you do find yourself in a dispute over ending a lease early, you can contact the RTDRS (Residential Tenancy Dispute Resolution Service). They will help you resolve issues without having to involve the courts.
However, not all disputes regarding lease termination can be resolved peacefully.
For all legal matters related to lease agreements, it is recommended that you speak with our lawyer. Our team at Heritage Law can help you navigate such disputes as well as review your lease agreement with you to ensure you fully understand what you are signing.